Gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition affecting the gums. It is caused by plaque and bacterial build-ups in the oral cavity.
Gingivitis manifests classic signs of inflammation, including pain, redness, swelling, bleeding, and impaired function.
To prevent the progression to periodontitis, a condition that cannot be reversed, it is crucial to take action while the condition is still entirely treatable. Gingivitis treatment involves a professional cleaning at the dentist’s office along with oral hygiene instructions to give the patient the tools needed to maintain their oral health.
Periodontal disease is a chronic, multifactorial condition initiated by bacterial microorganisms. It’s characterised by severe and persistent inflammation that can gradually destroy the tooth’s supporting structures. Its warning signs are gum bleeding, periodontal pockets, bone resorption and progressive loss of attachment leading to tooth mobility, and, in more advanced stages, loss of the affected tooth. Unfortunately, there’s a link between the latter and the patient’s systemic health.
Periodontitis can negatively impact your health. Periodontitis has been proven to increase the risk of poor glycaemic control and complications in patients with Diabetes Mellitus (and vice versa). Periodontitis is also associated with cardiovascular diseases and pregnancy problems. Moreover, there is new evidence associating periodontitis with nosocomial lung infections, some cancers, and Rheumatoid Arthritis.